- Define user roles and permissions based on job responsibilities.
- Implement strong authentication mechanisms such as multi-factor authentication (MFA) for administrative access.
- Regularly review and update user access privileges to ensure least privilege principle is followed.
- Limit direct access to sensitive directories and files through proper server configurations.
- Encrypt sensitive data in transit using SSL/TLS.
- Use encryption for storing sensitive data in databases.
- Implement proper data retention and deletion policies.
- Regularly monitor and audit data access to detect unauthorized activities.
- Regularly scan the website for vulnerabilities using reputable security tools.
- Promptly patch and update software, including the web server, CMS, plugins, and other components.
- Have a process in place to respond to and mitigate newly discovered vulnerabilities.
- Follow secure coding practices and conduct regular code reviews.
- Use parameterized queries to prevent SQL injection attacks.
- Validate and sanitize user inputs to prevent cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.
- Avoid hardcoded credentials and sensitive information in the codebase.
- Set up intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS) to monitor for malicious activities.
- Monitor system logs, server logs, and network traffic for signs of unauthorized access or anomalies.
- Implement real-time alerts to notify administrators of potential security incidents.
- Develop an incident response plan outlining steps to take in case of a security breach.
- Identify and designate a response team with clear roles and responsibilities.
- Regularly conduct drills and simulations to test the effectiveness of the incident response plan.
- Ensure physical servers are stored in secure locations with restricted access.
- Implement proper environmental controls to prevent unauthorized access and tampering.
- Provide training to employees on security best practices, including phishing awareness and password hygiene.
- Educate users about the risks of sharing sensitive information and credentials.
- Review and assess security practices of third-party services and integrations used on the website.
- Regularly monitor and update these integrations to ensure they don't introduce vulnerabilities.
Regular Audits and Assessments:
- Conduct periodic security assessments and audits to identify potential weaknesses.
- Engage third-party security professionals to perform penetration testing and code reviews.